Rwanda

Full name: The Republic of Rwanda
Area: 26,338 km²
Capital: Kigali
Population: 11.92 million (2016)

LEGAL SYSTEM

The Rwandan legal system is based on Belgian and German civil codes and customary law. There are courts of the first instance, provincial courts, courts of appeal, and a court of cassation. Also functioning are a constitutional court composed of the court of cassation and a council of state; a court of accounts, which examines public accounts; and a court of state security for treason and national security cases.

The Constitution is the Supreme law in Rwanda and any law or custom in conflict with it is null and void to the extent of its inconsistency. Rwanda adopted a new Constitution on 26th May 2003. A number of laws have been revised since Rwanda embarked on legal reform process after the 1994 Genocide and these include, Law modifying and complementing of relating to the code of criminal procedure, organic law determining the organization, powers and functioning of the superior council of the judiciary, law modifying and complementing the law on the statues for judges and other judicial personnel, organic law modifying and complementing the organic law determining the organization, functioning and jurisdiction of the courts and law establishing the organization, functioning and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. However, the reform of commercial laws is still on-going. It is important to note that Rwanda is a civil law legal system now undergoing a transformation from purely civil law to a merge between civil law and common law. The evolutionary process has led to the reform of several laws such as the penal code, and the law of evidence among others.

Previous Events

Event: Cybercrime and Electronic Evidence workshop
Partner: Institute of Legal Practice and Development
Date: October 2020

Event: Human Trafficking Workshop
Partner: Africa Prosecutors Association (APA)
Date: December 2019

Event: 24th East Africa Law Society Annual Conference themed “The role of law and lawyers in developing regional economic communities”
Partner: East Africa Law Society Institute
Date: November 2019

Event: Conference on Effective Strategies for Countering Counterfeit Drugs and Substance Abuse.
Partner: Ministry of Justice/Office of the Attorney General (MINIJUST)
Date: November 2018

Event: Anti-Counterfeit Drugs.
Partner: Ministry of Justice/Office of the Attorney General (MINIJUST)
Date: October 2018

Event: Workshop on forensic evidence, cybercrime and electronic evidence.
Partner: East Africa Law Society Institute & Rwanda Bar Association
Date: July 2018

Event: Workshop: Anti-Money Laundering
Partner: Ministry of Justice/Office of the Attorney General (MINIJUST)
Date: December 2017

Event: AGA-Africa & Ministry of Justice/Office of the Attorney General (MINIJUST) Signed Letter of Intent and established a relationship of mutual exchange of experiences and support.
Partner: Ministry of Justice/Office of the Attorney General (MINIJUST)
Date: May 2016

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